6sided Patriotic Crochet Coaster

Crocheted six-sided coasters are a great addition to any party table. A patriotic coaster with stars and stripes is a great way to show appreciation to this nation. In this case the coaster was made to celebrate a soldier’s home-coming, our nation’s beginnings, the victories and sacrifices people endured to create this great nation, and even for international competition games. This patriotic coaster has the dimensions of ca. ∅ 12.5cm (5in.) Because of the alternating colors, this pattern is not recommended for a beginner.

02 Slip Knot

For the beginning of any type of crochet project, you will start with a slip knot. This crochet basic knot is a simple starting knot for the beginning of any crochet job.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch
Step 1 Slip Knot – left-handed
Wrap the tail end your yarn around two fingers to form a loop with your yarn.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 1, right-handed
Step 1 Slip Knot – right-handed

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 2
Step 2 Slip Knot – left-handed
Cross the tail of the yarn over the looped yarn piece.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 2, right-handed
Step 2 Slip Knot – right-handed

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 3
Step 3 Slip Knot – left-handed
Remove the loop from your fingers. It is now in a form of a pretzel.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 3, right-handed
Step 3 Slip Knot – right-handed

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 4
Step 4 Slip Knot -left-handed
Insert your crochet hook through the ring of yarn, behind the tail piece of the yarn, and lift the tail piece of yarn up. Keep the yarn secured in the other hand.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 4, right-handed
Step 4 Slip Knot – right-handed

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 5
Step 5 Slip Knot – left-handed
Hold your hook in one hand, and pull both yarn strands in the other to form a loose knot.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 5, right-handed
Step 5 Slip Knot – right-handed

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 6
Step 6 Slip Knot – left-handed
To move the knot closer to the hook, pinch one strand of yarn between two fingers of each hand and tighten the loop around the hook loosely.

Crochet Slip Knot, basic stitch step 6, right-handed
Step 6 Slip Knot – right-handed

Watch the tutorial video for a better understanding and check out another version on how to make a slip knot:

01 Hand Hook Position

It is important to hold the crochet hook comfortably in your hand.

Left-Handed Hand Hook Position
Left-Handed Hand Hook Position

Either hold the crochet hook like a pencil in your hand,

Right-Handed Hand Hook Position
Right-Handed Hand Hook Position

Left-Handed Hook Position
Left-Handed Hook Position
or in the palm of your hand like a knife. Get used to both ways of holding the crochet hook, to alternate when you get tired.

Right-Handed Hand Hook Position
Right-Handed Hand Hook Position

Yarns and Threads

Choosing the right type of yarn is essential for the look, feel, and usage of your project.

Protein Fibers, such as angora, cashmere, mohair, silk, wool are from animal hair, or insect cocoons, and absorb humidity.

Natural Cellulose Fibers are from plants, such as cotton, flax, or hemp, absorb humidity, and are strong.

Regenerated Cellulose Fibers are man-made, and now classified as natural fibers, such as rayon, lyocell, cellulose acetate.

Synthetic (man-made) Fibers are chemically changed substances to act like fibers, such as nylon, polyester, acrylic, polypropylene. Elasticity and strength are their characteristics.

The Weight of Yarn

Spin tells how the fibers are put together during their spinning production determining its tightness.

There are several systems on the market to classify yarn.

One system classifies by the diameter of the yarn:
A = fine-weight yarns… e.g. light baby clothes
B = medium-weight… e.g. dresses, sweaters
C = worsted-weight… e.g. jackets, hats, mittens, blankets
D = bulky-weight… e.g. heavy jackets, crafts
E = extra-bulky-weight… e.g. rugs, crafts

Another system classifies by the number of stitches per 4-inch:
1 = fine… 29-32 stitches
2 = light… 25-28 stitches
3 = medium… 21-24 stitches
4 = medium-heavy… 17-20 stitches
5 = bulky… 13-16 stitches
6 = extra-bulky… 9-12 stitches

Lace-weight yarns are ultra-fine and in neither of two systems above.

Worsted Yarns, predominantly used for socks, is smooth and tight.

Wool-spun yarns, predominantly used for hats, jackets, are soft and airy.

Specialty or novelty yarns have various different looks and feels, such as fuzzy yarn, lacy yarn.

Crochet Hook Sizes

Now-a-days crochet hooks are made of steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic.

The size of a crochet hook is determined by it’s diameter of the shaft. There is no international standardizes size set yet. The metric sizing is mostly used mostly in Europe and the letter/number sizing in the United States. Each country has its own hook sizing. There is an effort on its way to standardize the crochet hook sizes. When in doubt use a metal hook gauge to determine its size.

The steel hooks are used preliminarily for threads. The sizes are  from 0.75mm to 3.50mm and/or numbering 14 to 00.

Aluminum, wood, or plastic hooks are used for yarns. Former times crochet hooks were made of an array of materials like: bamboo, bone, brass, horn, ivory, mother of pearl, pewter, silver, tortoise shell, woods. The sizes are from 2.25mm to 15.00mm and/or capital lettering from B to Q.

Sizes of Crochet Hooks
Crochet Hook Size List

There are a variety of books on the market that have detailed information on crocheting if you would like to learn more. My preferred reference book is “Encyclopedia of Crochet ” by Donna Kooler with historic background, crocheting terminology and symbols, a visual introduction on crocheting, crochet patterns and projects.