Yarns and Threads

Choosing the right type of yarn is essential for the look, feel, and usage of your project.

Protein Fibers, such as angora, cashmere, mohair, silk, wool are from animal hair, or insect cocoons, and absorb humidity.

Natural Cellulose Fibers are from plants, such as cotton, flax, or hemp, absorb humidity, and are strong.

Regenerated Cellulose Fibers are man-made, and now classified as natural fibers, such as rayon, lyocell, cellulose acetate.

Synthetic (man-made) Fibers are chemically changed substances to act like fibers, such as nylon, polyester, acrylic, polypropylene. Elasticity and strength are their characteristics.

The Weight of Yarn

Spin tells how the fibers are put together during their spinning production determining its tightness.

There are several systems on the market to classify yarn.

One system classifies by the diameter of the yarn:
A = fine-weight yarns… e.g. light baby clothes
B = medium-weight… e.g. dresses, sweaters
C = worsted-weight… e.g. jackets, hats, mittens, blankets
D = bulky-weight… e.g. heavy jackets, crafts
E = extra-bulky-weight… e.g. rugs, crafts

Another system classifies by the number of stitches per 4-inch:
1 = fine… 29-32 stitches
2 = light… 25-28 stitches
3 = medium… 21-24 stitches
4 = medium-heavy… 17-20 stitches
5 = bulky… 13-16 stitches
6 = extra-bulky… 9-12 stitches

Lace-weight yarns are ultra-fine and in neither of two systems above.

Worsted Yarns, predominantly used for socks, is smooth and tight.

Wool-spun yarns, predominantly used for hats, jackets, are soft and airy.

Specialty or novelty yarns have various different looks and feels, such as fuzzy yarn, lacy yarn.

Crochet Hook Sizes

Now-a-days crochet hooks are made of steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic.

The size of a crochet hook is determined by it’s diameter of the shaft. There is no international standardizes size set yet. The metric sizing is mostly used mostly in Europe and the letter/number sizing in the United States. Each country has its own hook sizing. There is an effort on its way to standardize the crochet hook sizes. When in doubt use a metal hook gauge to determine its size.

The steel hooks are used preliminarily for threads. The sizes are  from 0.75mm to 3.50mm and/or numbering 14 to 00.

Aluminum, wood, or plastic hooks are used for yarns. Former times crochet hooks were made of an array of materials like: bamboo, bone, brass, horn, ivory, mother of pearl, pewter, silver, tortoise shell, woods. The sizes are from 2.25mm to 15.00mm and/or capital lettering from B to Q.

Sizes of Crochet Hooks
Crochet Hook Size List

There are a variety of books on the market that have detailed information on crocheting if you would like to learn more. My preferred reference book is “Encyclopedia of Crochet ” by Donna Kooler with historic background, crocheting terminology and symbols, a visual introduction on crocheting, crochet patterns and projects.

Trendy Crochet Bag

The beach was an influence in the color selection as well as its design in this crochet project. The ocean waves meeting the sandy beach simulated by the increase and decrease of row-colors. This cute trendy little bag to keep your daily make-up, pencils, valuables contained. The pouches dimensions are ca. 8 1/2 in. x 5 in. (ca. 21 cm x 13 cm).

Square Crochet Pouch

A tutorial on how to crochet a square pouch. By using a decorative button, this crochet idea gains an attractive look. A little pouch for your make-up, coins,gift-cards, or for a woman’s necessity. This cute little bag (appr. 4″ by 4″) is a fun and easy project to make in a little over an hour.

Material needed
about 1 hours,
cotton yarn in favorite color,
crochet needle size I,
a button,
a pair of scissors.

Abbreviations
ch chain stitch
lp loop
sc single crochet
sl st slip stitch
st stitch

Instructions
Start your project with a slip knot and 16 ch

  • round 1: poke needle in second ch, work 15 sc, 1 in each chain loop on one side and 15 ch on other chain loop side. Connect to first sc with sl st.
  • round 2 – 16: 1 ch, 1 sc in each previous sc for a total of 30 sc connect last st with a sl st.
  • round 17 – 21: 1 ch, 1 sc in 15 previous sc and turn your project around. This is the first row for your cover.
  • round 22: 1 ch, beginning and end 2 sc combine 3rd and 4th sc, and 12th and 13th to decrease.
  • round 23: 1 ch, beginning and end 2 sc combine 3rd and 4th sc, and 10th and 11th to decrease.
  • round 24: 1 ch, beginning and end 2 sc combine 3rd and 4th sc, and 8th and 9th to decrease.
  • round 25: 1 ch, beginning and end 2 sc combine 3rd and 4th sc, and 6th and 7th to decrease.
  • round 26: 1 ch, 2 sc, 3 ch for the button hole, 2sc in last two sc.
  • round 27: 1 ch, 1 sc in first sc, 3 sc around chain, and 1 sc in last sc.

Pull yarn through and sew it into your project.
Choose a button and sew it on to finish your pouch.