Learn how to make a double crochet by wrapping the thread around the hook once. The stitches can be made through the front, the back, or both loop thread parts, depending the look you want to give your project. In this example we insert the hook through both thread parts of the loop. Both sides, front and back, of the project will look the same.
Learn how to make a single crochet stitch by using a string of chain stitches, and by using the back of the loop. The stitches can be made hooking through the front yarn part of the loop, the back yarn part, or under both loop yarn part.
For the beginning of any type of crochet project, you will start with a slip knot. This crochet basic knot is a simple starting knot for the beginning of any crochet job.
|Wrap the tail end your yarn around two fingers to form a loop with your yarn.|
|Cross the tail of the yarn over the looped yarn piece.|
|Remove the loop from your fingers. It is now in a form of a pretzel.|
|Insert your crochet hook through the ring of yarn, behind the tail piece of the yarn, and lift the tail piece of yarn up. Keep the yarn secured in the other hand.|
|Hold your hook in one hand, and pull both yarn strands in the other to form a loose knot.|
|To move the knot closer to the hook, pinch one strand of yarn between two fingers of each hand and tighten the loop around the hook loosely.|
Watch the tutorial video for a better understanding and check out another version on how to make a slip knot:
It is important to hold the crochet hook comfortably in your hand.
Either hold the crochet hook like a pencil in your hand,
|or in the palm of your hand like a knife. Get used to both ways of holding the crochet hook, to alternate when you get tired.|
Choosing the right type of yarn is essential for the look, feel, and usage of your project.
Protein Fibers, such as angora, cashmere, mohair, silk, wool are from animal hair, or insect cocoons, and absorb humidity.
Natural Cellulose Fibers are from plants, such as cotton, flax, or hemp, absorb humidity, and are strong.
Regenerated Cellulose Fibers are man-made, and now classified as natural fibers, such as rayon, lyocell, cellulose acetate.
Synthetic (man-made) Fibers are chemically changed substances to act like fibers, such as nylon, polyester, acrylic, polypropylene. Elasticity and strength are their characteristics.
The Weight of Yarn
Spin tells how the fibers are put together during their spinning production determining its tightness.
There are several systems on the market to classify yarn.
One system classifies by the diameter of the yarn:
A = fine-weight yarns… e.g. light baby clothes
B = medium-weight… e.g. dresses, sweaters
C = worsted-weight… e.g. jackets, hats, mittens, blankets
D = bulky-weight… e.g. heavy jackets, crafts
E = extra-bulky-weight… e.g. rugs, crafts
Another system classifies by the number of stitches per 4-inch:
1 = fine… 29-32 stitches
2 = light… 25-28 stitches
3 = medium… 21-24 stitches
4 = medium-heavy… 17-20 stitches
5 = bulky… 13-16 stitches
6 = extra-bulky… 9-12 stitches
Lace-weight yarns are ultra-fine and in neither of two systems above.
Worsted Yarns, predominantly used for socks, is smooth and tight.
Wool-spun yarns, predominantly used for hats, jackets, are soft and airy.
Specialty or novelty yarns have various different looks and feels, such as fuzzy yarn, lacy yarn.
Now-a-days crochet hooks are made of steel, aluminum, wood, and plastic.
The size of a crochet hook is determined by it’s diameter of the shaft. There is no international standardizes size set yet. The metric sizing is mostly used mostly in Europe and the letter/number sizing in the United States. Each country has its own hook sizing. There is an effort on its way to standardize the crochet hook sizes. When in doubt use a metal hook gauge to determine its size.
The steel hooks are used preliminarily for threads. The sizes are from 0.75mm to 3.50mm and/or numbering 14 to 00.
Aluminum, wood, or plastic hooks are used for yarns. Former times crochet hooks were made of an array of materials like: bamboo, bone, brass, horn, ivory, mother of pearl, pewter, silver, tortoise shell, woods. The sizes are from 2.25mm to 15.00mm and/or capital lettering from B to Q.
There are a variety of books on the market that have detailed information on crocheting if you would like to learn more. My preferred reference book is “Encyclopedia of Crochet ” by Donna Kooler with historic background, crocheting terminology and symbols, a visual introduction on crocheting, crochet patterns and projects.